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ECONOMÍA Es < En

 

 

Acaparamiento = takeover
Acción = share, stock
Acciones = stocks, holdings
Acciones en manos de extranjeros = foreigner's holdings
Accionista = stockholder, shareholder
Acrediticio = L/C
Acreedor = creditor
Activos = assets
Administración tributaria = tax administration
Al por menor = retail
Amortizaciones de crédito = repayment of debt
Antimonopolio = antitrust
A plazo = at a tenor
A precio rebajado = cut-price
Arancel aduanero = tariff, import tariff
Arancel promedio = average tariff rate
Arbitraje = arbitrage
Arcas fiscales = goverment coffers
Arrendar = to lease, to rent
Artículo de consumo = consumable
Artículos de primera necesidad = essential goods
Asignar (recursos) = to allocate
Asociación gremial = trade association
Avaluar = to assess (on)
Avalúo = valuation

Bajas de activo fijo = write-off of fixed assets
Balance = balance sheet
Balanza comercial = trade balance
Balanza de pagos = balance of payment
Banca = banking (industry)
Bancos autorizados = chartered banks
Banco emisor = issuing bank
Barrera arancelaria = tariff barrier
Bien = commodity, good
Bienes = goods, property
Bienes de capital = capital goods
Bienes raíces = real state
Billete (de banco) = banknote
Bolsa de Comercio = stock market
Bolsa de valores = stock market
Bonos = bonds
Bonos del tesoro = treasuries (bonds)

Caja fuerte = safe box
Cajero automático = cash-points (Bri), automatic teller machine (ATM)
Cantidad = figure, amount
Capital (inicial) = principal
Capital en acciones = corporate stock
Capital golondrina = hot money
Carta de crédito (L/C) = L/C
Casa de cambios = currency exchange
Cierre patronal (lockout) = lockout
Clase trabajadora = working class
Clasificación crediticia = credit rating
Cláusula de excepción = escape clause
Cláusula de escape = escape clause
Cobertura = hedge
Cobrar = to charge
Colocación = placement
Comercio minorista = retail business
Compañía = corporation, company, concern, firm
Companías de acciones = holding companies
Compañia madre = parent (company)
Competencia desleal = unfair competition
Concesionarios = licensees
Condición crediticia = credit status
Conservador de bienes raíces = Real Estate Register
Contribuyente = taxpayer
Control accionario = shareholding control
Control de cambio = exchange control
Control de divisas = exchange control
Copar (el mercado) = to corner
Corporación = foundation
Corredor de aduana = customs broker
Corredor de bienes raíces = real state broker
Corredor de bolsa = broker
Corriente de efectivo = cash flow
Cotización (presupuesto) = quotation
Cotizaciones = contributions
Cotizaciones de la bolsa = stock quotes
Cotizar = to quote
Cuenta corriente = current account
Cuenta de banco bipersonal= joint bank account
Cuenta fiduciaria = collection acount
Cuentas por cobrar = receivables
Cuentas por pagar = accounts payable
Cuota = instalment

Declaración de impuestos = tax return
Déficit fiscal = fiscal deficit
Derecho de autor = copyright
Derechos anti-dumping = dumping duties
Derechos de patente = royalties
de producción nacional = to be home grown
Desgravable = tax deductible
Deuda = debt
Deuda externa = foreign debt
Deuda financiera = financial liability
Devolución de impuestos = tax refund
Dividendo = installment (cuota, payment in stallments); Dividend (stock matket)
Divisas = foreign exchange
Dólar = dollar, "buck"

Econometría = econometrics
Economía globalizada = globalized economy
Economía planificada (o dirigida) = planned economy
Ejecutivo de negocios = business executive
Emisión fiduciaria = note issue
Empresarial = corporate
Empresa = corporation, concern, company, firm, entreprise
Empresas que gestionan con accciones muy seguras = blue-chip companies
Entrada (money) = turnover
en venta = for sale
Especuladores = speculators
Estado de cuenta = bank statement
Exención tributaria = tax exception
Eximbank = Export-Import Bank
Exportación = export
Exportar = to export
ex - stock (ex-fábrica) = ex - stock

Fecha de emisión = date of issue
Fecha de vencimiento = maturity date
Fiduciaria = trust company
Fijación (control) de precios = price regulations
Financiamiento fiscal = fiscal funding
Financiar = to fund
(El) Fisco = The Treasury(USA)
Flete = freight
Flujo de capitales = capital flow
Flujo (afluencia)de fondos = cash flow
Fondos de pensiones = pension funds
Fondos mutuos = mutual funds
Formulario de declaración de impuestos = income tax return
Franquiciado = franchisee
Franquiciatario = franchisee
Franquiciador = franchisor
Franquiciante = franchisor
Función de fiscalización = inspection function

Ganancias = earnings, profits
Garantía = collateralization, assurance
Gasto público = public spending
Girado = drawee
Girador = drawer
Girar = to debit
Giro = draft
Giros = remittances
Grado de inversión = investment-grade
Gravamen = assessment
Gravar = to tax
Guerra económica = economic warfare

Imponer (o establecer) impuestos= to lay taxes
Imposiciones = contributions
Impuesto a la renta = income tax
Impuesto de 1ª categoría = corporate tax
Impuesto de 2ª categoría = personal income tax
Incertidumbre cambiaria = exchange rate uncertainty
Industria nacional = home industry
Inflación = inflation rate
Ingreso = flow
Ingreso (persona natural o física) = income
Ingreso (estatal ) = revenue
Ingreso líquido = net income
Ingreso tributario = tax revenue
inscripto = registered
Insumo = input
Interés fiscal = fiscal interest

Leasing = lease
Leasing habitacional = Housing lease
Letras de cambio = letters of exchange
Letras de cambio = bills of exchange
Ley de aranceles = tariff act
Librado = drawee
Librador = drawer
Libre de impuestos = duty-free
Licitante = bidder
Liquidez = liquidity
Liquidación = on sale
Lockout = shut-out (Brit); lockout

Llenar una cuota = to fill a quota

Mano de obra = labor force, workmanship
Marca registrada = trade mark
Mercado bursátil = stock market
Mercado inmediato = spot market
(casa) matriz = parent (company)
Máxima garantía = over-collateralization
Mercadería = merchandise
Mercado alcista = bull market
Mercado de divisas = foreign currency market
Mercado emergente = emerging market
Mercado en baja = falling market
Mercado libre = freed market
Mercosur = Southern Common Market
Ministro de Economía = Economy Minister
Ministro de Hacienda = Finance Minister
Ministro de la Vivienda = Housing Minister
Moneda nacional = domestic currency

Negociación = deal, negotiation
Nivel de remuneraciones = wage levels

Obtención de créditos bancarios = bank financing
Oferta mundial = world supply
Oferta = offer, offering

operaciones a futuro = futures trading
Pagar = to pay
Pagaré = promissory note
Países en vías de desarrollo= developing nations
Papel moneda = Bills of Credit
Papel oro = paper gold
Paquete de acciones = block of shares
Paraíso tributario = tax haven
Partidario de libre comercio= free trader
Pasivo circulante = current liabilities
Pasivos = liabilities and equity
Patentes de corso = Letters of Marque
Pequeños empresarios = small scale entrepeneurs
Pérdida directa = direct loss
Política cambiaria = exchange rate policy
porcentaje = rate
porcentaje parejo = blanket /flat rate
precio de adquisición = purchase price
precios de auge = booming prices
precio de elaboración en el extranjero = manufacturer`s price abroad
precio de saldo = knockdown price
precio máximo = ceiling price
precio neto = net price
precio razonable = fair price
precio remunerativo = profitable price
precios vigentes = ruling prices
premio = risk premiun
Préstamo = loan
Préstamo de valore = securities lending
Prestatarios = borrowers
Presupuesto = budget
Presupuesto tope = budget ceiling
Prima = premium, bounty
Prima directa (PD) = Direct Premium (DP)
Producto = product, commodity, output
Propiedad intelectual = copyright
Propiedad privada = hold property
Proveedor = vendor, supplier
Quedar en la ruina = to be broken

Rebaja a los impuestos. posterior a la recaudación de estos = tax rebate
Recaudar = to collect
Recaudos tributarios = tax collections
Recuperación cuentas por cobrar = collection of accounts receivable
Recuperarse (mercados) = to bounce back
Reducción de presupuesto = budget cut
Reembolsar = to reimburse
Régimen de banda cambiaria = exchange rate band mechanism
rematar = to auction off
Remate = auction
Rentabilidad = profit-making, profitability
Respaldado por activos = asset-backed
Retorno = return
Reunir fondos = to raise funds

Salario mínimo = minimum wage
Saldo insoluto = unpaid amount
Saldo negativo = trade deficit
Saldo positivo (o superávit) = trade surplus
Saldos de moneda nacional = domestic(currency)balances
Salida de divisas = foreign exchange outflow
Securitización (operación de ) = securitization
Securitizar = to securitize
Sindicato = union, organized labor
Sobretasa = surtax, tax surchage
Sociedad Anónima = public company
spread ( margen de utilidades ; diferencial) = spread
Subcontratista = subcontractor
Subproducto = byproduct
Subsidio compensatorio = countervailing
Subarrendar = to sublease
Subsidiaria (o filial) = subsidiary
Subsidio = subsidy
sucursal = branch office
sueldo base = gross salary
sueldo líquido = net salary

talleres sindicalizados = union shops
tarjeta = bank card
Tasa = rate
Tasa flotante = floating exchange rate
Tasador de impuestos = tax assessor
Tasas impositivas = taxation
Tasar = to assess on
Tasas de interés = interest rates
Tasasión = assessment
Tasas rebajadas = reduced rates
Tipo de cambio = exchange rate
Titular de 1 acción, cuenta bancaria, etc. = holder
Total flujo operacional = net cash flows from operating activities
Tramos de impuestos = tax bracket
Transacción = deal, transaction, operation
Transacción de valores = securities handings

Valor de las acciones = paper or stock value
Valores bursátiles = securities
vender a un precio más bajo que el justo = to underprice
vender en la calle = to peddle
venta a bajo precio = selling below cost
venta a cualquier precio = sell-off
venta forward = forward sale

 

 

http://www.susana-translations.de, Susana Frech 1998-2011